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Citation Styles

APA (named for the American Psychological Association) style is used for social sciences like:

  • Business
  • Education
  • Sociology
  • Pyschology

NOTE: St. Joseph's Professional Studies department uses this style.

APA Style Manual

APA Style Paper

Academic Writer

© 2016 American Psychological Association.

Citations within Quotations

Sometimes when you are quoting from another source, the text you want to quote will include citations.  How do you cite it?

Citations within Citations

Academic Writer

Citing Sources

APA Style Annotated Bibliography

Creating an annotated bibliography in APA style

This example is based on the APA style guide, but your instructor might give you other formatting instructions

General guidelines

  • Some annotations are merely descriptive, summarizing the authors' qualifications, research methods, and arguments. 
  • Many annotations evaluate the quality of scholarship in a book or article.  You might want to consider the logic of authors' arguments, and the quality of their evidence.  Your findings can be positive, negative, or mixed.
  • Your professor might also want you to explain why the source is relevant to your assignment. 

Sample Page: APA-formatted annotated bibliography:

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NoodleTools Icon

Use NoodleTools to create your References, Works Cited, or Bibliography page in APA, MLA or Chicago/Turabian format.

Inserting Header & Page Number

Notice that the term "Running head" only appears in the header section of the cover page in the APA style paper.  Watch the video tutorial and learn how!

In-Text Citation

“A brief reference (consisting of the author’s last name, year of publication, and frequently a page number), to a source within the body of a scholarly work that will be more fully described in the references section.”

Every cited reference must have a corresponding entry in the reference list.